- SteamEngineLube.com -
Product Applications & Use for "ALL" Green Velvet Oil  & Soda Grease Lubricants
Lubrication Specialties - PO Box 117 - Carnation, WA. 98014 USA
 E-Mail (rankotto@steamenginelube.com) - Phone (425.623.5925)
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Non-Compounded Steam Cylinder Oils

Sapon-A-Non 680 
(ISO 680)
is our medium grade, non-compounded cylinder oil. It is made for higher steam pressures up to 230 psi and larger cylinder bores such as found on multiple expansion marine engines and stationary condensing engines. It is suitable for conditions where moderate superheat temperatures (approximately 450°F) are reached. It has the extra solid viscosity needed for higher steam pressures and heavier loads. It contains no animal fat compounding so it separates well from condensate that is returned to the boiler. It contains a film/surface modifier additive to ensure water and rust resistant films during operation and long after shutdown. Large steamboat and stationary condensing engine operators this is your oil! Small steamboats and launches see " PB&J460 on the Pin, Bearing & Journal Oil" page for your cylinder oil in condensing marine steam plants.”

Sapon-A-Non 1000
(ISO1000)
is our heavy grade, non-compounded cylinder oil. It is made for moderately high steam pressures up through 350 psi and high superheat temperatures up to 650°F. It is well adapted to condensing Stanley and other steam cars that have heavy enough mechanical lubricators to pump higher viscosity cylinder oils. It has the extra solid viscosity needed for higher steam pressures and heavier loads. It contains no animal fat compounding so it separates well from condensate that is returned to the boiler. It contains a film/surface modifier additive to ensure water and rust resistant films during operation and long after shutdown. This is an opaque oil that shows up well in steam car winkers. Condensing Steam Automobile Operators this is your oil!

Sapon-A-Non 1500
(ISO1500)
is our heaviest grade cylinder oil. It is made for the highest steam pressures up through 700 psi and the highest superheat temperatures up to 700°F. This lubricant contains no animal fat compounding and is an excellent lubricant for high pressure, high temperature, condensing steam engines that have superheat in the exhaust. It is equivalent to the popular, now discontinued Exxon Cylesstic TK1500 steam cylinder oil and contains the same film/surface modifier that fortified that lubricant. This is a dark opaque oil that shows up in steam car winkers. Mechanical lubricators that use this lubricant must have heaters that maintain the oil at a minimum 120°F temperature for free flowing characteristics. Late model Stanley automobile and high superheat locomotive operators this is your oil!

Sapon-A-Non 2200
(ISO2200)
is our ultra-heavy grade, specialty cylinder oil formulated for high superheat locomotives operating in high speed, high load mainline railroad service. It is made for the highest steam pressures up through 700 psi and the highest superheat temperatures up to 700°F. This lubricant contains no animal fat compounding and is an excellent lubricant for high pressure, high temperature, locomotives that are loaded for extended periods of time when pulling heavy trains. It contains a film/surface modifier additive to ensure water and rust resistant films during operation and long after shutdown. Mechanical lubricators that use this lubricant must have heaters that maintain the oil at a minimum 120°F temperature for free flowing characteristics. Main line steam locomotive operators this is your oil!

Compounded Steam Cylinder Oils

Sapon-A-Max 320
(ISO320)
is the lightest of the true cylinder oils. It is intended for steam pressures under 160 psi, saturated steam conditions and smaller cylinders (typically under 8" bores). It has plenty of soft, smooth lard oil compounding and tough glazing additive to lubricate wet cylinders and prevent rust after shutting down. Live Steamers this is your oil!

Sapon-A-Med 680
(ISO680)
is our medium grade cylinder oil. It is made for higher steam pressures up to 230 psi, larger cylinder bores such as found on full size locomotives and conditions where moderate superheat temperatures are reached. It has the extra solid viscosity needed for higher steam pressures and heavier loads. Tallow oil compounding and a film/surface modifier additive ensure water and rust resistant films during operation and long after shut down. Tourist and Heritage Railroads this is your oil!

Sapon-A-Min 1000
(ISO1000)
is our heaviest grade of compounded cylinder oil. It is made for moderately high steam pressures up through 350 psi (at the engine inlet) and higher superheat temperatures up to 650° F. It is an excellent cylinder lubricant for type A superheater locomotives that don't return condensate to the boiler with feedwater heaters (Elesco type). It is well adapted to Stanley and other steam cars that operate non-condensing. It is a full bodied high viscosity oil that will stand up to the high piston speeds and high superheat temperatures in all non-condensing steam car applications. Tallow oil compounding and a film/surface modifier additive ensure water and rust resistant films during operation and long after shutdown. This is a dark opaque oil that shows up well in winkers. This oil should not be used in condensing steam cars because the compounding cannot be easily separated in the water tank. Non-condensing Steam Automobile Operators this is your oil!

Crankcase Oils

SECC100NA
(ISO100)
is an SAE30 straight mineral oil blend with no additives. It is intended for use as a engine oil in closed crankcase steam engines that are equipped with water traps. It will not emulsify in the presence of water and condensate that typically builds up in closed steam engine crankcases due to rod and valve stem packing leakage. SECC100NA is suitable in any wet crankcase with re-circulating lubrication systems that require a light viscosity engine oil. It should not be used in applications requiring oil temperatures above 180° F to prevent premature oxidation and sludge formation.

Pin, Bearing and Journal Oils

PB&J 100
(ISO100)
is an SAE30 straight mineral oil formulated for plain journal bearing lubrication in all types of machinery and lubrication of pistons, rings and valves in piston type air compressors. It is intended for applications where boundary lubrication prevails and the oil is not re-circulated. It is fortified with a tough film/surface modifier that inhibits dripping and slinging when fed conservatively, creates tenacious, slippery “skins” on bearing/journal surfaces and prevents formation of rust after shutdown. It also contains an oxidation inhibitor to prevent degradation when used as an air compressor lubricant. Tourist and Heritage railroads this is your steam compressor air side oil! Machine and woodworking tool operators this is your light babbit bearing spindle oil!

PB&J220
(ISO220)
is an SAE90 straight mineral oil formulated for plain journal bearing lubrication in applications where boundary lubrication prevails and the oil is not re-circulated. It is fortified with a tough film/surface modifier so it will not drip or sling off when fed conservatively. The film/surface modifier also improves oiliness, builds a tenacious, slippery "skin" on bearing/journal surfaces and prevents rust formation after shut down. PB&J220 can be applied with a manual oiler, drip feed lubricator or wicking type oil cup. It is a superior lubricant for small model engines and works well on crosshead guides, link blocks, eccentric straps, pins and bearings. It is a good substitute for journal oil on full size solid car bearings where speeds don't normally exceed 15 mph. Live Steamers this is your oil! Tourist and Heritage railroads this is a good replacement for journal oil at speeds under15 mph!

PB&J460
(ISO460)
is an SAE140 straight mineral oil formulated for plain journal bearing lubrication in applications where boundary lubrication prevails and the oil is not re-circulated. It is fortified with a tough film/surface modifier so it will not drip or sling off when fed conservatively. The film/surface modifier also improves oiliness, builds a tenacious, slippery "skin" on bearing/journal surfaces and prevents rust formation after shut down. PB&J460 can be applied with a manual oiler, drip feed lubricator or wicking type oil cup. It is heavier than PB&J220 and is appropriate for full size engines with large bearings, heavy loads and moderate rotating speeds. It is a good substitute for greases where application apparatus can feed a consistent amount of oil to the bearing. It will not emulsify in the presence of water and is the recommended viscosity for Stanley engine crankcases. Tourist and Heritage railroads this is your engine oil! Small steamboats and launches this is your non-compounded cylinder oil that separates well in condensers and hot wells. It is an excellent bearing oil too and is an all-around lube for small steam vessels.

Chelesic Natural PB&J Oils

PB&J 460BG
ISO460
Prior to Colonel Drake’s discovery of oil in Pennsylvania in 1859 machinery in the early industrial revolution was exclusively lubricated with crude natural oils made from animal fats. These lubricants were mostly made from tallow, lard and whale sperm oil. After 1859 mineral oil based lubricants rapidly replaced natural oils because of their greater availability and lower cost. But, to this day natural oils have unique characteristics, including vastly superior lubricity and tenacity when compared with the typical mineral oil based lubricant. Natural oils also easily pass accepted test protocols for “readily biodegradable” oils.
Chelesic High Performance Natural Oils retain all the superior characteristics of the early tallow and lard derived oils, but, unlike the earlier crude lubricants, are carefully blended from precisely fractionated fixed oil components in a modern manufacturing plant dedicated exclusively to the refinement and blending of industrial fats and oils.
PB&J460BG Chelesic Pin, Bearing & Journal oil exceeds most mineral oil performance profiles because it establishes high strength films that are very oily and promote excellent boundary lubrication and shock absorption. It fortifies the films with a hydrophobic characteristic that resists water and steam washing the lubricant from the bearing. It adheres to the bearing and resists dripping and slinging. It provides outstanding lubrication performance at extremely low feed rates – a little bit goes a long way. It creates tenacious films that will remain weeks after shutdown and help prevent rust formation on bearings and journals.
When lost to the environment it is non-toxic, does not impair normal bacterial activity and degrades in compliance with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency approved criteria for readily biodegradable lubricants.
PB&J460BG is a direct replacement for Green Velvet PB&J460 mineral oil based Pin, Bearing & Journal oil. It is a superior 100% loss lubricant in boundary lubrication applications where environmental stewardship is an important part of a lubrication program. It does not have low pour points, particularly in cold winter weather. It should be stored at temperatures above 50° F and should be heated for application in cold weather below about 40° F.

NLGI Soda Grease

All Green Velvet Soda Greases are produced from traditional base stocks that are blended in sodium soaps. It faithfully re-produces the soda greases of 100 years ago before the modern,water resistant lithium and aluminum complex soaps were developed. Unlike the modern lithium greases Green Velvet NGLI Soda Grease is naturally fibrous and tacky. Its solubility in water gives it a natural rust protection benefit where water is absorbed by the grease and pulled away from bearings and journals. It resists slinging and stays in the open bearing where it does its lubrication job. Extra grease that gets on the surrounding parts and surfaces is easily washed off with soap and water or steam cleaning. It is a superior, traditional thickened lubricant for all types of open, journal type bearings and can be easily applied with grease guns through fittings. It also gives excellent service in grease cups of all types.

PB&J 222SO
NLGI #2 Soft Soda Grease

"Please refer to Resources page for more technical information.”
Vintage automobile, farm implement and stationary engine operators this is your cup grease!

PB&J 223SO
NLGI #3 Semi-Soft Soda Grease

"Please refer to Resources page for more technical information.”
Tourist and heritage railways this is your soft grease for running gear applications!

PB&J 225SO
NLGI #5 Hard Soda Grease

"Please refer to Resources page for more technical information.”
Tourist and heritage steam railways this is your hard pin grease for crankpins!

Blue Velvet Vintage Automobile & Tractor, Heritage Motor Oils

Blue Velvet non-detergent motor oils are obsolete type SB lubricants that gave birth to the modern motor oils. They contained the early solvent refined base oils that gave them greater clarity and less sludge forming impurities. They also contained the first oxidation inhibitor, ZDDP long before its anti-wear qualities were widely recognized or needed. ZDDP additives further reduced sludge formation. The addition of rust inhibitors in later years reduced corrosion of metal surfaces due to combustion byproduct moisture in the oil. Blue Velvet Heritage Motor oils faithfully reproduce the obsolete Type SB motor oils of yesteryear by being carefully blended with original ingredients in modern, precision blending plants. They are intended for use in all vintage engines built before about 1950. Their superior lubricity and stable monograde viscosity meet the lubrication requirements of older engine designs, especially those equipped with low pressure oil systems and dippers on the connecting rods. Early Type SB oils contained no detergents and dispersants to clean engine parts and hold contaminants in the oil because engine oil filters had not been generally adopted prior to 1950.
Detergent oils should never be used in older vintage engines that do not have an oil filter. Blue Velvet non-detergent motor oils maintain this tradition and are intended for use in all engines without oil filters. The old practice of changing oil every 500 to 1000 miles is recommended when using Blue Velvet non-detergent motor oils.


BV-OBSO100ND (ISO100) SAE30 Non-Detergent Blue Velvet SAE30 oil is the manufacturer recommended viscosity for most vintage engines that have been rebuilt with original recommended bearing clearances.

BV-OBSO150ND (ISO150) SAE40 Non-Detergent Blue Velvet SAE40 oil is the generally recommended viscosity for most vintage engines that have not been rebuilt and have excessive wear and out of specification bearing clearances.

Retail Outlets

Restoration Supply 
Escondido, CA

Hagen Auto Parts Puyallup, WA
Lund Machine Works 
New Ulm, MN

Brennan Oil Company  Durango, CO